IFC to Invest $35 Million in Manappuram Finance
Kochi: IFC, a part of the World Bank Group, will invest $35 million in Manappuram Finance Limited (MFL) to help low-income households and small enterprises get access to loans against their gold assets. This is IFC’s first investment in a gold-loan NFBC in India and aligned with its strategic objective of increasing the resilience of the country’s financial sector while improving financial inclusion. Gold loan companies offer loans to financially-excluded customers and MSMEs by enabling them to monetize their gold without the need for documentary proof of income.
According to the World Gold Council, India has 23,000 tons of gold with an estimated market value of $1 trillion. However, the current market size of formal gold loans is a mere $19.6 billion, which leaves the field open to pawn-brokers and usurious money lenders in rural areas. The Government of India encourages formal financial institutions to enter the market not only to bring large stocks of idle gold into the mainstream for productive use, but also to stem the rising indebtedness and exploitation.
“We are making our first investment in a gold-loan finance company to create opportunities for the rural and poor households to transition from informal to formal forms of credit,” said Jun Zhang, IFC Country Head for India. “Through this investment, we are supporting one of the priorities of the Indian government to unlock the value of idle gold and bring a large part of India’s unofficial savings into the formal financial system.”
This three-year, senior, secured loan from IFC to MFL is an endorsement of the critical role gold-loan NBFCs play in bringing first-time customers into the formal economy. IFC may also provide advisory services to bring global best practices to MFL’s risk management systems and help it build capacity in MSME lending. V P Nandakumar, MD & CEO of MFL said, “We see this as an endorsement of our role as an agent of financial inclusion in India. Over the years, MFL has led India’s quest to make formal credit accessible to the poor and the unbanked. IFC’s investment will help us deepen our reach in rural and semi-urban areas to offer people a viable alternative to informal credit.”
This investment is part of IFC’s ongoing efforts to facilitate long-term funding to underserved segments with a focus on farmers, MSMEs, rural areas, and women. IFC’s first investment in the gold-loan sector comes at a time when the sector is becoming more formal, with better regulations and has more of a level playing field with banks.