Long-Term Wealth Creation Requires Investor Patience
An important lesson of the last 100 years of financial history is that stocks outperform all other asset classes by a wide margin, in the long run. However, in the short run, returns can be very volatile. Very few people have the time and expertise to invest in the stock market directly. Therefore, a very good option for investors is to invest in stocks through the mutual fund route.
History tells us that big money is made when investors stay invested for a sufficiently long period of time, says Dr. V K Vijayakumar
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) is an ideal form of investment where investors invest at regular intervals, say, on a weekly, monthly or quarterly basis. Monthly SIP is an ideal strategy. Since investment is done systematically, investors get the benefit of Rupee Cost Averaging. This means that since investment is done regularly, the investor gets more units when the prices are down, thereby reducing the average cost. Therefore, market corrections are good and desirable from long-term investors’ perspective.
IRRATIONAL INVESTOR BEHAVIOUR
As consumers we are happy when prices of goods decline and unhappy when prices rise. Going by this principle of consumer rationality, investors should be happy when stock prices decline and concerned when stock prices rise too much too fast. But this is not often the case. When market corrections are sharp and swift, many investors panic and try to sell and get out of the market. Conversely, when prices rise sharply, moving even into bubble territory, they continue to buy, hoping irrationally that prices will continue to move up. The ‘manic-depressive’ nature of the market causes irrational investor behaviour.
History tells us that big money is made when investors stay invested for a sufficiently long period of time. Particularly, it is important to stay the course during a bear phase. This results in sharp upturn in the value of investment when the cycle inevitably turns. Take a look at the returns from systematic investment in various asset classes during the last 20 years.
The variations in returns from traditional asset classes like bank FDs, gold and PPF on the one side and the best performing mutual fund on the other side, are huge. Even the worst performing mutual fund has performed much better than traditional asset classes.
Rs. 1000 SIP in various Asset Class – From Sep 1997 to Aug 2017
(Total Amount Invested Rs. 2,40,000)
Asset/ Type / % CAGR Value / (Rs.)
Best MF /Equity Mutual Fund /25.14/ 4736686
2nd Best MF/ Equity Mutual Fund/ 24.79 /4531785
SENSEX / Equity Index / 13.01 /1039751
Worst MF/ Equity Mutual Fund /11.38 /853645
Gold / Commodity/ 10.99 /815614
PPF / Fixed Income /8.64 /616914
FD / Fixed Income/ 7.47/ 538671
STAY THE COURSE
To reap the benefits of this superior returns, it is important to remain invested. So far in 2018 large-cap stocks have done well. But mid and small-caps have seen price erosion. The sharp correction that we are witnessing presently in mid and small-caps is a long overdue one. Investors should not negatively react to the correction and exit. They should keep their cool and stay the course. Patient investors will reap the benefits of lower current prices. Remember the saying: “To be a successful investor one needs only a average person’s intelligence, but 10 persons’ patience.”
(The author is Investment Strategist, Geojit Financial Services)